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Restoration Impact

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Communal Section Impact

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The commune of Kafou (Kreyòl/Creole) or Carrefour (François/French) has a total area of just over 73 square miles (190km²) and an elevation of 128 feet (39m). It is home to more than 500,000 individuals, divided between 13 communal sections.

The area of is at a crossroads through which thousands of cars, vans and trucks must pass.

The coordinates of the municipality are located on one hand between 72°22' and 72°27' west longitude and on the other hand between 18°30' and 18°35' north latitude. 

For more than a century and a half, Kafou had never urbanized as its founders had wished. Its agricultural vocation took precedence over urbanization. The various communal sections of the original settlement supplied the villagers of Kafou and the town of Pòtoprens (Port-au-Prince) with agricultural products such as rice, cane sugar, cotton, fruit, vegetables, food, and coffee. It was not until the mid-1970s that the urbanization of the area began. 


(VCF) Total Kafou (Ville de Carrefour) - 501,786

13 Communal Sections (population 2015 census)

  • (MCD) Morne Chandelle (98) - 12sqm
  • (PDF) Platon Dufréné (965) - 5sqm - Baussan, Dufrenay, Fond Ferrier 
    • Morne Grand Bois
    • Morne Lagon
    • Morne Delva
    • Morne Organer
    • Morne Bassin Visite
    • Morne Rapadou
    • Morne Didot
    • Morne Jean Toussaint
  • (TAF) Taïfer (688) - 4sqm - Angibeau, Bourjoly, Colombier, Morisset
  • (PRC) Procy (926) - ____ - Chaufa (Chauffard), Procy, Raimboid, Ti Marché,
  • (COP) Coupeau (4196) - ____ - Coupeau, Doumbou, Henry, Miyaille, Nan Gris-Gris, Nan Tampis, Perdu Temps
  • (BVR) Bouvier (789) - ____ - Nan Fouque, Nan Roche, Platon Bouvier, Platon Coupeau
  • (LAV) Laval (1330) - ____ - Bouvier, Duvier, Fancrelle, Fond Coupeau, Laval
  • (BLY) Berly (1000) - ____ - Malanga, Nan Plateau, Plombe, Volant
  • (BTZ) Bizoton (44,214) - ____ - Degand, Fontamara, Marin
  • (THR) Thor (250,449) - ____ - Arcachon, Bizoton, Côte Plage, Diquini, Lamentin, Mahotiére, St Roc, Thor, Thor Le Volant
  • (RIF) Riviere-Froide (208,245) - 10.91sqm - Brochette, Cloher, Degand, Dufour, Macombe, Mer frappée, Nan Coucou, Vieux Caille
  • (MAL) Malanga (901) - ____ - Bas Gougeon, Bercy, Bois Capable, Malanga, Perdumidi, Tete Chadeau
  • (CRT) Corail-Thor (504) - 5.76km - Bellevue, Berot, Tretorend



  • Taïfer 
    • This section has been historically productive in coffee.
    • The Mahotiere spring originates in the Taifer hill.
    • MOUNTAINS: Morne Taffer (1,407 feet) depends on the chain of the Selle, the narrow valley of the Cold River crosses the Taifer chain to descend into the bed of the Great river of Leogane (712ft).
    • A continuous path goes up again to the Morne des Commissaires (4,600 ft)

is a suburban city It is approximately 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) southwest of Downtown Port-au-Prince and is bordered by Port-au-Prince's Turgeau and Martissant neighborhoods to the east and south, respectively, and by the hinterlands of the Jacmel commune to the south, by the suburb of Gressier to the west, and Port-au-Prince Bay to the north. Rather than having a single city center, Carrefour resembles a patchwork of thirteen villages. According to the 2015 Census, the population of Carrefour was 511,000, making it the second-most populous city in the country.

Carrefour is directly west of Port-au-Prince city limits and therefore also within the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area. The commune is one of the eight communes that occupy the area, together with Gressier to its immediate west. 13 communal sections, 61 localities, and more than 60 unincorporated hamlets are located within the commune. There is a public school district within the commune. Post office districts and school districts use the same names as a city, hamlet, or village within them, but each sets the boundaries independently.

Spread over an area of just above 160 square kilometers (60 square miles), Carrefour was founded on May 1st in the year 1813. The region celebrated its bicentennial year a few years ago. With a population of close to 400,000, the community of Carrefour houses people who share similarities in a lot of things, especially interests, possessions, resources and income.

The commune of Carrefour was originally a military post in the district of Port-au-Prince. On May 1, 1813, by decree of President Alexandre Pétion, the village was founded. President Pétion, one of the foudning fathers of the Haitian Republic built his private residence in Carrefour, particularly in the locality still called Thor (Thorland). He resided in this house that is now L'Ecole Nationale de Thor on Thor 10.

Following a plan drawn by the surveyor Louis Riguad, the village consisted of seven blocks, 20 habitations, and 162 localities. For over a century and a half, Carrefour has never been urbanized as desired by its founders; its agriculture took precedence over its urbanization. Carrefour was the ideal resort area to spend the weekends and enjoy the green nature. In particular, Cold River has always was one of the biggest attractions in the town. Several facilities of coffee yards stood in this area. At each weekend visit, hikers found immense pleasure in enjoying the coolness of the river.

Entrance to the Admiral Killick naval base

The Admiral Killick naval base, headquarters of the Haitian Navy Battalion, was inaugurated on October 20, 1895 by President Hyppolite in the district of Bizoton.

Between the end of the 19th (1800s) and the beginning of the 20th century (1900s), Carrefour has become an important economic center of national renown since it used to be a town dotted with factories. In some places like Mon Repos, for example, there was a large sugar factory of which one of the basins still exists today. In Diquini there was a large tobacconist plant where cigars were made for the German Emperor Wilhelm II and also there was the Habaco, a trouser factory. Additionally, there was the Hamascosa, a chocolate factory. In Thor there was a baseball factory. The factory of Charles Plaisimond, still in Carrefour, manufactured paper and sanitary napkins. Carrefour is also the location of the first electric plant of Port-au-Prince.

It was not until the mid 1970's that uncontrolled urbanization of the area began in earnest. Due to unorganized urban expansion, it has become a dormitory suburb for people of various social classes working in the capital region.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the city of Carrefour attracted people coming from the southern peninsula or the capital who could not stay and live in rapidly-developing Port-au-Prince. This multiplication of buildings at an unbridled speed did not go hand in hand with a development plan for Carrefour.

Carrefour has been the incubator of many anti-government insurrections in Haitian history.

  • In 1869 the Cacos army, in rebellion against the government of Sylvan Salnave, occupied Carrefour and attacked the fort of Bizoton.
  • On August 20, 1889, another insurgency took place in Carrefour against President Legitime in the neighborhood of Bizoton. President Legitime created a ferry line of steam boats along the bay of Port-au-Prince coast all the way to Léogâne, which increased transportation to and from Carrefour.
  • In 1969, Carrefour was again the center of another insurrection: General Cayard, head of the Coast Guard led a rebellion against the Duvalier government in Bizoton and Lamentin.

Carrefour has not had a past rich in history, but remembers important personalities such as Presidents Alexandre Pétion and Florville Hyppolite who have resided in this town. Hyppolite lived in the area called "Dèyè basen." At the time, the place was called “Basen makak” because Hyppolite had a small monkey there that he kept as a pet.

During the Lüders affair with the Germans in 1897, the town experienced occupation. It also has a glorious literary and artistic past, with "Lavi nan bouk" by Papa Pyè or the plays of Languichat. It was granted municipal status in 1982.

Kafou rises to the bottom of the Gulf of Gonave and includes a mountainous part that encompasses the hills of Malanga, Chandelle, Boyer, Froide River, Dufréné, and Corail Thor.

The hydrography includes the Froide River (Cold River), one of the most important waterways in this area, and flows through the communal sections of Plato Dufresney and continues to the pond section of the commune of Petion-Ville. The Chauffard River, irrigates the houses of the communal section Procy, and Bengas at the level of Kenscoff and Momance or Grande-Rivière, between the communal sections of Procy and Laval. Smaller waterways include the Grandin River, the Morel, and the Time-Perdu gullies.

All living in the communal sections of Kafou depend on rainfed subsistence farming. Vegetables, cereal grains, and sugar cane are grown. There are also oxen, cabris, and tiny-scale backyard birds.

Public services are concentrated in the urban center of Kafou -- the tribunal of peace, the taxation department, the police station, the registry office, the coast guard, and the largest sports complex in the country.

In addition, commercial activities like banks, supermarkets, bazaars, bakeries, public markets, shops, pharmacies exist. Industrial establishments include paint factories, Haiti Metal, Mariani Tannery, Cuir SA, Adventist Packaging, SAFICO, ALTA and TOLI, STEP-OVER and oil companies such as National, Shell, Texaco, Esso.

Two hospitals and numerous private clinics provide health care in the commune of Kafou -- Diquini Adventist Hospital and Carrefour Hopital Maternité. Despite the presence of these hospitals, many Carrefourrois visit the hospitals and clinics of Port-au-Prince.

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Restoration Heroes

A special thank you to our restoration heroes in Kafou!